This is part of our Yogic Indology studies, hence it's not merely a linguistic description.
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संस्कृत Sanskrit is a language for knowledge and its communication
संस्कृत Sanskrit basic अक्षर Akshara set of phonemes has a material impact on the human bodymind
संस्कृत Sanskrit and its धातु Dhātu root sounds has preserved accuracy since its ancient inception
संस्कृत Sanskrit and its generative grammar makes it a semantic/cognitive computing network
संस्कृत Sanskrit sounds in a छन्दस् Chhandas pattern rhythmically reinforces knowledge.
संस्कृत Sanskrit helps us acquire Transcendental Knowledge making the mysteries of Yogic Science seem merely magical
தமிழ் Tamil is necessary, whereas संस्कृत Sanskrit is sufficient to claim universality.
संस्कृत Sanskrit can help us evolve for a mind blowing future of AI.
0. What is संस्कृत Sanskrit
0. संस्कृत Sanskrit is a language for knowledge and its communication.
The usual reason for a natural language is inter-human communications, and thence to record knowledge via text and images.
The specialty of संस्कृत Sanskrit is that it is primarily focused on knowledge acquisition/organization/transmission, secondarily for casual conversation.
The fundamental premise is that listening to well formed संस्कृत Sanskrit sounds and repeating them precisely is the primary modality for knowledge acquisition and transmission.
Hence संस्कृत Sanskrit language is fundamentally a भाषा Bhāsha, a language built around vocal precision.
Written records are really optional, although the corpus of written संस्कृत Sanskrit is copious beyond measure.
The written word can be rendered in a variety of scripts including देवनागरी Devanāgari, Roman/Latin, தமிழ் Tamil, etc., employing additional mārkups to get the exact sounds of the भाषा Bhāsha.
संस्कृत Sanskrit is considered by many as the root of all Indo-European languages for a few reasons. Unfortunately a lot of race-based politics surrounds the counter assertion, so we limit ourselves to the incontrovertible scientific facts of संस्कृत Sanskrit that are obviously brilliant.
संस्कृत Sanskrit, by nature of its universality, lets us better understand the universal stories and archetypes found in इतिहास Itihās, corpus of timeless stories, from a first person perspective.
1. संस्कृत Sanskrit in 2D space matters
1. The resonance precision of the अक्षर Akshara set has a material impact on the human bodymind.
The अक्षर Akshara set of phonemes, literally the indestructible sounds, are the sonic alphabet of संस्कृत Sanskrit.
The अक्षर Akshara set is precisely organized in 2D space according to where they sound in the human mouth, and how the tongue is employed, as such they have a certain resonant quality and material impact on the human bodymind. This inspired Mendeleev, to similarly organize the Chemistry Periodic table in a 2D structure, in his quest to formalize the "grammar of matter."
The अक्षर Akshara set of phonemes are the "atomic" content of language and do not have any semantic ("molecular") content, that is, they do not mean anything per se.
2. संस्कृत Sanskrit and its semantic roots
2. The धातु Dhātu root sounds set has preserved accuracy since its ancient inception.
The धातु Dhātu root sounds, morphemes, are a comprehensive list of root sounds with meaning, and constructed from the अक्षर Akshara set of sonic alphabets.
The two धातु Dhātu root sounds in the word संस्कृत Sanskrit are themselves found in English. Actually the correct pronunciation of संस्कृत is "Sumskrt."
- सं Sum indicates completeness. Like 'summing up' in English.
- The स् sound in between is a phonetic yoke to join the two parts.
- कृत Krt indicates to K(c)reate.
Hence we say संस्कृत Sanskrit is the complete, and hence perfect, language for creation!
These धातु Dhātu root sounds are built up from the अक्षर Akshara set of phonemes.
The set of धातु Dhātu root sounds have the unique property of conveying a certain root idea in the mind of the listener. At one level the imitation of simple sounds such as croak, gulp, rustle, shiver is called onomatopoeia and is likely how language started, by creating sonic vibrations to evoke natural processes.
The current list of धातु Dhātu root sounds are about 2000+, and it is said there was probably a list of 13,000+ originally. With the application of computational linguistics we can recover the comprehensive list across all natural languages.
Many, if not most, languages of course have verbal roots but somehow they seem to be missing longevity and continuity. Very likely it is the oral emphasis, and consequently, tradition of संस्कृत Sanskrit that has preserved for thousands of years!
The power of संस्कृत Sanskrit model is that we can retrofit other root systems into संस्कृत Sanskrit itself, thus evolving it further.
3. संस्कृत Sanskrit and its generative grammar
3. This generative aspect of संस्कृत Sanskrit grammar makes it truly a semantic/cognitive computing network.
3.1. The comprehensive list of धातु Dhātu roots can be used to systematically generate new words in the language.
संस्कृत Sanskrit grammar is not just a means of verifying syntactic correctness of sentences with parts of speech, but it is a way to generate semantically loaded words and sentences from the root sounds.
धातु Dhātu root sounds, that convey root ideas, are then used to create the verbs, nouns, adverbs, adjectives called व्यय Vyaya, modifiables, which are the lexemes of the language.
3.2. The inflected power of the words means we can rapidly generate poetic, rhythmic sentences.
True to their name a व्यय Vyaya is then further modified to incorporate gender, person, tense, case, preposition, count, etc. into a single शब्द Shabda, word. In computer science terms it is now a fully self-describing object.
As the शब्द Shabda, word, incorporates all of the information that can relate it to other words in the sentence it results in a highly inflected grammar. Therefore we can reorder words in a sentence with ease in order without garbling the meaning.
Thus the majority of संस्कृत Sanskrit literature is in poetic form, which also allows for easy memorization, and enormous creative power.
3.3. The phonic glue of संधि Sandhi enhances the chanting and hence memory effect.
संस्कृत Sanskrit शब्द Shabdas can participate in संधि Sandhi, be joined together phonetically to create a combined sound that flows fluidly, particular useful in chanting. Chanting, particularly from memory, is well known to improve attention and retention. Mind is a "muscle" - hence we consider mind as the subtlest form of matter. And that's another story.
3.4. The semantic joining of शब्द Shabdas through समास Samās, generates conjoined words to express complex objects in a single semantic unit
Using समास Samās we can join many words together to create a complex object, and then apply one grammatical transformation only, for compactness. Hence the world's longest known word in any language is in संस्कृत Sanskrit with 195 अक्षर Akshara.
3.5. We can even deliberately generate ambiguity because of the धातु Dhātu model, and create word games.
So far we have focused on the extreme precision of Sanskrit, now we notice that we can even engineer ambiguity into sentences and words.
Since a शब्द Shabda, word, is based on one or more धातु Dhātus, root sounds, the शब्द Shabda can have multiple meanings depending on the context. There are no fixed names for objects, they are just collection of attributes.
This elevates sentence generation to the next level, allowing for mind blowing word games, and even hiding secrets in plain view.
Extracting the exact meaning, sometimes in the face of deliberate ambiguity, is covered in Nirukta.
4. संस्कृत Sanskrit rhythm pattern
4. संस्कृत Sanskrit sounds in a छन्दस् Chhandas pattern rhythmically reinforces knowledge.
At the root of all sounds there is a subtle vibration which then evolves into the अक्षर Akshara set of phonemes. This most subtle of sounds is called स्पन्द Spanda which is the faintest of motions detectable in deep meditation.
True to the generative properties of language this root vibration of स्पन्द Spanda then manifests into various types of sounds (अक्षर Akshara phonemes, and शब्द Shabda words) and also various types of rhythmic meters called छन्दस् Chhandas.
This छन्दस् Chhandas frames the entire structure of the lines being presented in a rhythmic pattern that also embeds itself into the brain. This should be obvious to anyone who likes rhythmic music. This is a profound concept and directly led to the culture of memorization of vast tracts of knowledge because the rhythm facilitated long-term memory.
The original Vedic छन्दस् Chhandas employed to sing the song of ब्रह्मन् Brhman are exemplified by a few cardinal ones like the seminal गायत्री Gāyatri (3 rows * 8 अक्षर Akshara each), etc., just for framing the scientific exposition on Yogic Science.
However, there are a large variety of छन्दस् Chhandas, and in fact potentially infinite, used across other literature. It directly resulted in an explosion of pure mathematics and its root pattern is a binary code, and enhanced with 3-valued combinatorial properties. This is so profound it truly boggles the mind.
छन्दस् Chhandas used in poetry and prose for all other literature, entertainment and other scientific, are a delight because their tempo matches processes of nature. Like the शार्दूल विक्रीडितं Shārdula Vikriditam, gait of a tiger. Or the भुजंग प्रयात Bhujanga Prayāta भुजंग प्रयात, movement of a snake.
There are potentially infinite छन्दस् Chhandas types because the original अक्षर Akshara set of phonemes and the consequent शब्द Shabda, infinite set of generated words, are all perfectly joinable as sonic sequences based on a complete set of rules. This is unlike languages based on alphabets where joining random letters may make them unpronounceable, like say "tpqlr', or any other such meaningless sequence.
5. संस्कृत Sanskrit sounds in Yogic Science
5. Transcendental Knowledge is a mystery, and when we learn how it is still magic.
The resonance effects of संस्कृत Sanskrit sounds lends itself to ज्ञान Gnyān, embodied learning, which is cognate with the English word 'Kn'owledge, and hence the school of Gnosticism.
Note the धातु Dhātu, root sound, of ज्ञ Gnya, and how it resonates with the आज्ञ चक्र Āgnya Chakra, in the region of the pineal gland above the roof of the mouth where the tongue strikes. This is the seat of transcendental wisdom in Yogic Science.
Simple अक्षर Akshara combinations are used extensively in a type of मन्त्र Mantra chanting called बीज मन्त्र Beeja Mantra precisely so that the mind does not get caught up in stories during the meditation practices of Yogic Science.
From a Yogic Science perspective the, most fundamental मन्त्र Mantra is ॐ Om, its chanting meant to invoke the entire psychic model we are talking about.
And then there is the श्लोक Shloka, the root verse structure of इतिहास Itihās, the corpus of epics. These stories actually encode techniques of Yogic Science, a fact that is hidden from plain sight but can be teased out with some reflection.
These narratives are also enacted in Dance form that also has its own phonic vocabulary derived from the ideas of Sanskrit, and are in fact considered the artistic equivalent of Yogic Science. (more on this Nrittya, Nātya)
And finally Rasa happens when the audience/listener experiences complete empathy with the performer/speaker, a transcendental experience similar to Yogic model of union.
6. संस्कृत Sanskrit and தமிழ் Tamil
6. தமிழ் Tamil is necessary, whereas संस्कृत Sanskrit is sufficient to claim universality.
This संस्कृत अक्षर Sanskrit Akshara set lacks certain sounds found in other languages but this is not a good reason to deny the universality of संस्कृत Sanskrit because less is sometimes more, especially when it comes to precision. All other sounds are mere accents in this architecture.
We are taking the perspective that the function of language as a means for knowledge acquisition/creation/transmission, rather than mere communications which can even be done through sign language.
The only other language that is considered equal to संस्कृत Sanskrit in its grammatical depth, literary breadth, and historical reach is the தமிழ் Tamil language. In fact, தமிழ் Tamil can equally be considered a original root language, and if we observe its semantic structure, and root system, this is pretty much identical to संस्कृत Sanskrit. The only material difference is that संस्कृत Sanskrit has a more comprehensive consonant sequence, likely to incorporate the Northern/Western worlds, whereas the தமிழ் Tamil system has a simpler set of consonants for its Southern/Eastern spread. Maybe something to do with cold vs warm climate adaptations?
In any case it is stupid to argue too much about historicity, true to our Yogic Indology ethos. Let's just learn and move on with the best possible platform for the impending future.
7. संस्कृत Sanskrit in the near Future
संस्कृत Sanskrit can help us get ready for a mind blowing future of AI.
In a world of globalization, older/expensive workers trained their younger/cheaper replacements.
Similarly in a world of automation, humans will be made to train their robotic-cloud replacements.
Points to ponder:
- Can we train AI from a humanistic perspective?
- Can we show more empathy to other humans and living beings?
- While using Yoga for its well known power of detoxing the mind, can we also use Sanskrit for "scripting" our mental patterns, and help us become truly smart and creative?
- Can a formal natural language such as संस्कृत Sanskrit be efficiently and beneficially used as a meta-language in Computational Linguistics, maybe expanded into AI-Sanskrit (evolving from Vedic, to Classical, to Saral, and now this)?
- Can AI models leverage the psychic architecture of humans, recognizing all the work that has gone into defining Consciousness itself?
- Will all of this speed up, and correct, the current brain-as-a-machine, reductive approach of Cognitive Science?